Mykonos & Santorini

Mykonos Island

 

In Greek mythology Mykonos is the son of Apollo, god of light and sun. With an area of ​​86km (squares) and maximum altitude of 364m, Mykonos is part of the archipelago of the Cyclades, a group of islands in the Aegean and and composed mostly of granite rock. This island was discovered in 1950 by a group of young people, children of rich families who were looking for different places to have fun but it owes its fame, glamor and charm to Jacqueline Onassis who inaugurated the international jet-set tourism over there settled. And probably the best known island not only of Greece but throughout the world. Its picturesque aspect goes way beyond the typical Greek architecture. The winding narrow alleys crowded landscapes of the offer in this labyrinth of picture perfect, wonderful contrasts between them. Their white houses so full of flowers, the wide variety of exotic beaches to be explored, the already thousands of times photographed Windmills, postcard of the island, Petros Pelican Island mascot which we can see circling the city, the small Venice, (group of houses built literally over the sea) all so divine that so you can believe have been done by gods. Mykonos and the perfect scenario for anyone. There are options ranging from those who want a lot of noise and fun even those who prefer a place holder only to admire the exorbitant nature and quiet. Mykonos and a heritage left by past civilizations that has been, and will always popular.

 

Santorini Island

Santorini (Greek: Σαντορίνη, pronounced [sandoˈrini]), classically Thera (English pronunciation /ˈθɪərə/), and officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα [ˈθira]), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast of Greece’s mainland. It is the largest island of a small, circular archipelago which bears the same name and is the remnant of a volcanic caldera. It forms the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km2 (28 sq mi) and a 2011 census population of 15,550. The municipality of Santorini includes the inhabited islands of Santorini and Therasia and the uninhabited islands of Nea Kameni, Palaia Kameni, Aspronisi, and Christiana. The total land area is 90.623 km2 (34.990 sq mi).[2] Santorini is part of the Thira regional unit.[3]

Santorini is essentially what remains after an enormous volcanic eruption that destroyed the earliest settlements on a formerly single island, and created the current geological caldera. A giant central, rectangular lagoon, which measures about 12 by 7 km (7.5 by 4.3 mi), is surrounded by 300 m (980 ft) high, steep cliffs on three sides. The main island slopes downward to the Aegean Sea. On the fourth side, the lagoon is separated from the sea by another much smaller island called Therasia; the lagoon is connected to the sea in two places, in the northwest and southwest. The depth of the caldera, at 400m, makes it impossible for any but the largest ships to anchor anywhere in the protected bay; there is also a fisherman’s harbour at Vlychada, on the southwestern coast. The island’s principal port is Athinios. The capital, Fira, clings to the top of the cliff looking down on the lagoon. The volcanic rocks present from the prior eruptions feature olivine, and have a small presence of hornblende.[4]

It is the most active volcanic centre in the South Aegean Volcanic Arc, though what remains today is chiefly a water-filled caldera. The volcanic arc is approximately 500 km (310 mi) long and 20 to 40 km (12 to 25 mi) wide. The region first became volcanically active around 3–4 million years ago, though volcanism on Thera began around 2 million years ago with the extrusion of dacitic lavas from vents around the Akrotiri.

The island is the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history: the Minoan eruption (sometimes called the Thera eruption), which occurred some 3,600 years ago at the height of the Minoan civilization. The eruption left a large caldera surrounded by volcanic ash deposits hundreds of metres deep and may have led indirectly to the collapse of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete, 110 km (68 mi) to the south, through a gigantic tsunami. Another popular theory holds that the Thera eruption is the source of the legend of Atlantis

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